High-resolution x-ray 3D imaging of bone micro-structure
Osteoporosis impact on public health is sharply increasing justifying a significant effort to diagnose, reat and understand this disease. Bones have been imaged with x-rays for almost a century and the basic technology for clinical image is well established, but with the recent development of large scale synchrotron light sources and high-end microfiches x-ray generators, imaging of the intricate bone inner structure with a few micron resolution become possible. Laser driven betatron x-ray microscope was built and used to demonstrate the feasibility of high-resolution bone imaging in the Astra-Gemini laser facility (UK). A sample of femur trabecular bone was imaged from multiple angles and a 3D model of the bone was built using tomographic techniques to a resolution below 50 micron. This demonstration renew the interest in the development of compact laser-plasma electron accelerators and its applications. It also opens prospects for its use in clinic diagnostics in the medium term.
Welcome to the website of the X-GoLP team, the experimental team of the Group for Lasers and Plasmas of the Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear at Instituto Superior Técnico.
The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation announced last week the winners of the 2016 edition of its prestigious Prize for Stimulus to Scientific Research. Victor Hariton is one of the two winners in the physics category, for his project “Fab-Laser – Femtosecond ablation of biological samples with shaped laser pulses”.
The proposed work addresses the challenge of how to optimize the interaction between ultrashort laser pulses and…
Students of ATHENS international exchange programme visited the L2I and got to know the research facility along with members of X-GoLP. The students were introduced to the different topics of investigation carried at the laboratory and had the chance of executing a hands on experience, in particular on measuring wavefront of laser beams.
Chirped pulse amplification in an extreme-ultraviolet free-electron laser, Nature Communications 7 (2016) p. 13688David Gauthier, Enrico Allaria, Marcello Coreno, Ivan Cudin, Hugo Dacasa, Miltcho Boyanov Danailov, Alexander Demidovich, Simone Di Mitri, Bruno Diviacco, Eugenio Ferrari, Paola Finetti, Fabio Frassetto, David Garzella, Swen Künzel, Vincent Leroux, Benoît Mahieu, Nicola Mahne, Michael Meyer, Tommaso Mazza, Paolo Miotti, Giuseppe Penco, Lorenzo Raimondi, Primož Rebernik Ribič, Robert Richter, Eléonore Roussel, Sebastian Schulz, Luca Sturari, Cristian Svetina, Mauro Trovò, Paul Andreas Walker, Marco Zangrando, Carlo Callegari, Marta Fajardo, Luca Poletto, Philippe Zeitoun, Luca Giannessi & Giovanni De Ninno